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Cite right - concerning academic integrity

A self-study guide from the University Library

Referring to images

Always refer to images, figures or tables that you use for your own text. An image or figure that you reproduce in your essay is a source in the same way that a text is a source. Therefore always make a citation (reference) to the image or figure. In the reference it should be clear that you have obtained permission to reproduce the image or figure, should such permission be required. Figures are referred to in the text fully and direct according to APA standard and also in the reference list.

Film link:



Some examples (APA 6th edition)

Referring to an image in the text of your essay

If you are referring to an image, figure or table in your text, you should write the name of the creator(s) or author(s), and the date of the publication or creation. If the image or figure is a part of another work you can, if appropriate,  include page, figure, table or paragraph number. 

Image or figure from a book


As described by Bettany-Saltikov, a mind map can be a useful tool for planning a systematic review (2012, figure 3.2)

Online image


The fashion of the late 1900th century is well captured in the painting A Parisian Lady (Manet, 1876).

Referring to an image in the reference list

All images, referred to in the text or reproduced in an essay, assignment or presentation, must be cited and included in your reference list.

Image or figure from a book

If the image or figure is part of another source, for example a book or a journal, the reference in the reference list should be formatted the same way as the reference to the original source. No details about the image or figure is needed in the reference list. You need to obtain permission to reproduce an image or figure, and write in the reference list that you have done so. 


Bettany-Saltikov, J. (2012). How to do a systematic literature review in nursing : a step-by-step guide . Open University Press. Reprinted with permission.

Online image

The following format is used when you use a figure or image from an online source: Name of creator(s). (Year). Titel [type of medium]. URL. Licens


Monfils, L. (2008). X-ray of the heelbone with plantar fasciitis [photography]. CC BY SA 3.0

When reproducing an image or figure in your own text

When reproducing an image, a reference should be placed immediately below the image, for example:


Manet, E. (1876). A Parisian Lady [oil on canvas].Stockholm: Nationalmuseum. 

(CC Public Domain) 

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